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Nature of Christ Bible Study

Bible study notes on the topic of Jesus Christ.

Importance of Doctrine About Christ

Doctrine about Christ is important, since Christ is central to salvation from sin, our hope of eternal life.

Romans 16:17-18 Avoid those who cause division with contrary doctrines.
2 Corinthians 11:2-4 The Corinthians were too willing to put up with false doctrine about "a different Jesus", and a "different spirit".
Galatians 1:6-9 Beware of different gospels other than that of Christ which Paul and the other apostles preached.
1 John 2:22-24 Someone who denies that Jesus is the Christ is an Antichrist.
1 John 4:1-4 Denying Jesus Christ came in the flesh is the spirit of the Antichrist.
1 John 5:1 To be a child of God, we must believe Jesus is the Christ.
2 John 1:9-11 Don't greet or receive someone who doesn't have the true doctrine of Christ.

One God

Deuteronomy 4:35-39 To you it was shown, that you might know that the Lord Himself is God; there is none other besides Him. ... Therefore know this day, and consider it in your heart, that the Lord Himself is God in heaven above and on the earth beneath; there is no other.
Deuteronomy 6:4 Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one!
Deuteronomy 32:39 Now see that I, even I, am He, And there is no God besides Me; ...
2 Samuel 7:22; 1 Chronicles 17:20 (King David to God) Therefore You are great, O Lord God. For there is none like You, nor is there any God besides You, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
1 Kings 8:60 (King Solomon in temple dedication prayer) that all the peoples of the earth may know that the Lord is God; there is no other.
2 Kings 5:15 (Naaman to Elisha) "Indeed, now I know that there is no God in all the earth, except in Israel; ..."
2 Kings 19:15 And Hezekiah prayed before the LORD, and said, O LORD God of Israel, which dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou hast made heaven and earth.
Nehemiah 9:5-6 "Stand up and bless the Lord your God Forever and ever! Blessed be Your glorious name,... You alone are the Lord; You have made heaven,..."
Psalm 18:31 For who is God, except the Lord? And who is a rock, except our God?
Psalm 83:18 That they [enemies of God] may know that You, whose name alone is the Lord, Are the Most High over all the earth.
Psalm 86:8,10 Among the gods there is none like You, O Lord; ... You alone are God.
Isaiah 37:16,20 (Hezekiah) "O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, the One who dwells between the cherubim, You are God, You alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth. You have made heaven and earth... Now therefore, O Lord our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that You are the Lord, You alone."
Isaiah 43:10-11 "You are My witnesses," says the Lord, "And My servant whom I have chosen, That you may know and believe Me, And understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, Nor shall there be after Me. I, even I, am the Lord, And besides Me there is no savior."
Isaiah 44:6,8,24 "Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel, And his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: 'I am the First and I am the Last; Besides Me there is no God... Is there a God besides Me? Indeed there is no other Rock; I know not one.'" ... Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, And He who formed you from the womb: "I am the Lord, who makes all things, Who stretches out the heavens all alone, Who spreads abroad the earth by Myself;"
Isaiah 45:5-6,21-22 I am the Lord, and there is no other; There is no God besides Me... Have not I, the Lord? And there is no other God besides Me, A just God and a Savior; There is none besides Me. Look to Me, and be saved, All you ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other.
Isaiah 46:9
Jeremiah 10:10 True God, living God, everlasting king.
Hosea 13:4
Joel 2:27 I am the Lord your God, and there is no other.
Zechariah 14:9
Malachi 2:10
Mark 12:28-34 Jesus quotes Deuteronomy 6:4. The scribe affirms one God.
John 5:44 How can you believe, who receive honor from one another, and do not seek the honor that comes from the only God?
John 17:3 And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.
Romans 3:30 There is one God who will justify both circumcised and uncircumcised through faith.
1 Corinthians 8:4-6 Regarding idols, "We know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is no other God but one... yet for us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ,..."
Galatians 3:20 Now a mediator does not mediate for one only, but God is one.
Ephesians 4:4-6 one God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.
1 Timothy 1:17 Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, to God who alone is wise, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.
1 Timothy 2:5 There is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus.
1 Timothy 6:13-16 talks about Christ distinct from God "who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings and Lord of lords, who alone has immortality, dwelling in unapproachable light, whom no man has seen or can see, to whom be honor and everlasting power."
James 2:19 You believe that there is one God. You do well. Even the demons believe--and tremble!
Jude 1:4 ...ungodly men, who turn the grace of our God into lewdness and deny the only Lord God and our Lord Jesus Christ.
Revelation 4:11 (the living creatures) "You are worthy, O Lord, To receive glory and honor and power; For You created all things, And by Your will they exist and were created."

One God, Yet More Than One

In the Old Testament, "God" is translated from "Elohim", a plural word but with singular verbs.

Genesis 1:26 Creation of Man: "Let Us make man in Our image...".
Genesis 3:22 Punishment on Adam and Eve. "Behold, the man has become like one of Us..."
Genesis 11:7 Confusion of the languages. "Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language..."
Psalm 45:6-7 "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever... Therefore God, your God, has anointed you..." Quoted by Hebrews 1:8-9
Psalm 110:1,5 In v.1 "The Lord [Yahweh] said to my Lord [Adonai]...". In v.5, "The Lord [Adonai, but Masoretic text note says orig Yahweh] is at Your right hand..."
Ecclesiastes 12:1 literally, plural "Remember now your Creators".
Isaiah 6:8 "Whom shall I send, and who will go for Us?"
Isaiah 54:5 literally, plural "Makers".
Zechariah 2:6-11 The Lord who was sent to Israel by the Lord of hosts.
John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
John 17:5 "...glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was."
John 10:30 I and my Father are one.
Hebrews 1:8-9 quoting Psalm 45:6-7 (see above).

One With the Father

John 1:1
John 8:29; 14:7-11 If you've seen Christ, you've seen the Father.
John 10:30 I and My Father are one.
John 17:11,21-23 Jesus' prayer that believers may be one in the Father and Son, as Jesus and the Father are one.
Colossians 2:2 "...both of the Father and of Christ."
Revelation 22:1-5

Jesus Described as Distinct from God

Daniel 7:13 The Son of Man brought to the Ancient of days.
Matthew 24:36; Mark 13:32 Knowledge of end-time timing was known by the Father but not the Son.
John 17:3 "And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent."
Acts 4:27,30 The apostles in prayer to "the Lord God who created the heavens and the earth", referred to Jesus as the "holy servant" of God.
Acts 7:56 Stephen, "Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!"
Acts 17:22-33 Paul addresses the Areopagus. In v.24 he refers to "God, who made the world and everything in it." while in v.31 he refers to God judging the world "by the Man [Jesus] whom He has ordained".
1 Timothy 2:5 There is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus.
1 Timothy 6:13-16 talks about Christ distinct from God "who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings and Lord of lords, who alone has immortality, dwelling in unapproachable light, whom no man has seen or can see, to whom be honor and everlasting power."
Hebrews 5:5-10 Jesus was sent by God, and given a High Priest role by the Father which Jesus didn't take on Himself.
Hebrews 10:5-7 Jesus came to do God's will, according to the prophetic word. Quoting Psalm 40:6-8.
Hebrews 10:12 After His sacrifice, Jesus "sat down at the right hand of God".

Jesus is the son of God.

God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ

This pattern is repeated many times in the New Testament scriptures.

Romans 1:7; 15:6
1 Corinthians 1:3
1 Corinthians 8:6 ...there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ...
2 Corinthians 1:2-3; 11:31
Galatians 1:3
Ephesians 1:2-3,17; 5:20; 6:23
Philippians 1:2; 2:11
Colossians 1:2-3; 3:17
1 Thessalonians 1:1,3; 3:11-13 God and Father Himself... and Lord Jesus Christ.
2 Thessalonians 1:1-2; 2:16
1 Timothy 1:2
2 Timothy 1:2
Titus 1:4
Philemon 1:3
1 Peter 1:3 God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
2 John 1:3

Angel of the Lord, but Not an Angel

The Old Testament talks about the "Angel of the Lord", which KJV etc translators have put with capital A since the circumstances of the passage indicate this was God, not a created angel:

Genesis 16:7-11 Hagar.
Genesis 22:11-18 Abraham about to sacrifice Isaac.
Genesis 31:11 Jacob and Laban's flocks.
Genesis 48:15-16 Jacob's blessing on Ephraim and Manasseh.
Exodus 3 The Angel of the Lord appeared to Moses via the burning bush. The text describes God as "the Angel of the Lord [Yahweh]", God, and the Lord [Yahweh].
Joshua 5:13-15; 6:1-7 The "commander of the army of the Lord", who Joshua worshipped, who told Joshua to take off his sandals because he stood on holy ground. Then the text calls him Yahweh. He's not specifically called "the Angel of the Lord" in this passage, but the nature of his appearance seems the same in character of other "angel of the Lord" appearances.
Judges 2:1-5 Rebuke to Israel for not driving out the inhabitants of Canaan.
Judges 6:11-24 Gideon.
Judges 13 Samson's parents, Manoah and unnamed wife.
Hosea 12:3-6 Recounting Jacob wrestling with God/"the Angel" in Genesis 32:22-32 which describes Jacob wrestling with God.
Acts 7:38 Moses spoke with the Angel on Mount Sinai.

The Hebrew word translated "angel" can also mean "messenger". This is consistent with Jesus Christ being the "Word of God", the divine messenger, the mediator between God and humanity.

Hebrews 1

A Prophet Like Moses

Deuteronomy 18:15-19
Acts 3:22-23; 7:37
Hebrews 3:1-6 Jesus was like Moses, but greater than Moses because "He who built the house has more honour than the house. For every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God."

Existed Before Human Birth

John 1:1 Existed "in the beginning" with God.
John 17:5,20-24 Existed with the Father "before the world was".
1 Corinthians 10:4 Christ was the Rock that travelled with Israel, from which they ate and drank spiritual food.
Philippians 2:5-11 implies Jesus relinquished His power and godly form to become a human.
Hebrews 1:10-12 quotes Psalm 102:25-27 "You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth..." and says it is referring to the Son.

Eternal

Micah 5:2 The Messiah is from eternity.
John 1:1 "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." If Jesus was God, then He is eternal.
John 8:56-58 "I AM" referring to Exodus 3:14
Hebrews 5:6,10; 7:3,16,21 Melchizedek — no beginning of days. Jesus Christ was made a priest "according to the order of Melchizedek". Jesus has come "according to the power of an endless life". "Remains a priest continually".
1 John 1:2 ...that eternal life that was with the Father...
Revelation 1:8,11-18; 2:8; 21:6; 22:13 Alpha and Omega, First and Last, Beginning and End. Refer to Isaiah 41:4; 43:10-11; 44:6.

Divine, Is God

Isaiah 7:14 Prophecy of the virgin bearing a son to be called Immanuel—"God with us". Matthew 1:23 says Jesus fulfilled that prophecy.
Isaiah 9:6-7 Unto us a child is born... His name shall be called... Mighty God, Everlasting Father...
Jeremiah 23:5-6
Matthew 1:23 quoting Isaiah 7:14. Immanuel = "God with us".
Matthew 12:6-8 Christ is greater than the temple itself. The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.
Matthew 22:43-45 Jesus quizzes the Pharisees about Psalm 110, "The Lord said to my Lord..."
Luke 2:11 For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.
John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
John 1:18 "The only begotten God" (NU, Alexandrian texts)
John 5:17-18 Jesus made Himself equal with God the Father.
John 8:58-59 Jesus said "Before Abraham was, I am".
John 10:30-39 Jesus said, "The Father and I are one", which the Jews took to mean Jesus was saying He was God.
John 20:28 Thomas said to the resurrected Jesus, "My Lord and my God".
Acts 20:28 "... to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood."
Philippians 2:5-6 Jesus was "in the form of God, [but] but did not consider it robbery to be equal with God".
1 Timothy 3:16 "God was manifested in the flesh..." (Byzantine, majority texts).
Titus 2:13 Should this be read as "(great God) and (Saviour Jesus Christ)", or as "(great God and Saviour) Jesus Christ"? The latter seems to fit the context better. Similar 2 Peter 1:1.
Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son He says, quoting Psalm 45:6-7 "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever".
Hebrews 1:10-12 quotes Psalm 102:25-27 "You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth..." and says it is referring to the Son.
1 John 5:20 (though the reading/meaning of this might be debatable) ...we are in Him who is true, in His Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and eternal life.
Revelation 1:8 "I am the Alpha and the Omega" [the Lord, Almighty]; Revelation 1:10-20 Jesus says He is the Alpha and Omega.

With God

John 1:1 ...and the Word was God.
John 16:28 Came forth from the Father.
John 17:5 Jesus prayed for a return to the glory He once had with the Father.
1 John 1:2 ...that eternal life that was with the Father...

Equal With the Father

John 5:18
Philippians 2:6

Father Is Greater

The Father is greater than the Son in one sense: authority. Jesus places Himself under the authority of the Father.

Daniel 7:13-14 The Ancient of Days gives the Son of Man dominion, glory, a kingdom.
John 5:22 The Father has committed all judgment to the Son.
John 14:28 "My Father is greater than I".
1 Corinthians 15:24-28
Hebrews 5:5-10 Jesus was appointed as High Priest by the Father. He "learned obedience by the things which He suffered".

Messiah aka Christ

Matthew 1:1
Matthew 16:13-17 Peter's confession.
Luke 2:11 For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.
John 1:17,41
John 4:42 Confession of the Samaritans.
John 6:68-69 Confession of Peter speaking for the disciples.
John 20:31
Acts 8:37 Ethiopian eunuch's confession.
Acts 9:22; 17:3; 18:5,28 Paul laboured to convince people from Scriptures that Jesus was the Christ.
1 John 2:22; 5:1

Fulfilled Messianic Prophecy

Psalm 22
Psalm 22:22 quoted by Hebrews 2:12
Isaiah 52:13-15;53:1-12

Son of God

Proverbs 30:4
Matthew 3:17
Matthew 16:13-17 Peter's confession.
Luke 1:35 Jesus conceived by the Holy Spirit. "That Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God."
John 1:34 John's testimony.
John 5:17-30 Jesus said God was His father, making himself equal with God.
John 6:68-69 Confession of Peter speaking for the disciples.
John 10:36
John 20:31
Acts 8:37 Ethiopian eunuch's confession.
1 John 1:3; 4:15; 5:5,9-13
Hebrews 1:2

Only-begotten Son

Genesis 22:2 Isaac, Abraham's "only son" despite Ishmael, was a type of Christ.
Psalm 2:7
John 1:14,18; 3:16,18 Only-begotten Son.
Acts 13:33 quotes Psalm 2:7
Hebrews 1:5; 5:5 Begotten — quotes Psalm 2:7
1 John 5:1 Begotten.
Hebrews 11:17 Abraham was willing to offer up his "only-begotten son" as a type of the Father offering Jesus.

Son of Man

Genesis 3:15 In the human lineage of Eve.
Deuteronomy 18:15; Acts 7:37 Moses' prophecy of the coming Prophet, from Israel's midst and brethren.
Daniel 7:13 One like the "Son of Man" is brought to the Ancient of Days, and given an everlasting kingdom.
Matthew 9:6 The "Son of Man" has power on earth to forgive sins.
Matthew 24:30 apparently referring to Daniel 7:13-14.
Matthew 26:64 Jesus identified Himself as "the Son of Man". John 5:27 The Father has made Jesus judge because Jesus is the "Son of Man".
Acts 7:55-56 Stephen saw Jesus in heaven, and described Him as "the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God".
Revelation 1:13

Son of David Who Sits on David's Throne

Isaiah 9:6-7
Matthew 1:1,6
Matthew 1:20
Matthew 9:27
Matthew 12:23
Matthew 15:22
Matthew 20:30-31
Matthew 21:41-46
Romans 1:3; 9:5

Tribe of Judah

Genesis 49:10 Jacob's benediction on Judah talks about a coming "Shiloh". It's the only mention in the Bible.
Matthew 1:2
Hebrews 7:14

Lived as a Human Being

Jesus Christ came and lived as a human being, also experiencing the suffering that humans experience.

John 1:14
Philippians 2:5-11
1 Timothy 3:16 God was manifested in the flesh.
Hebrews 2:10-18
Hebrews 4:15 In all points tempted as we are, yet without sin.
Hebrews 5:7-9
1 John 1:1-3
1 John 4:2-3; 2 John 1:7 The spirit of God says Jesus came "in the flesh". To say otherwise is Antichrist.

Worthy of Worship

Matthew 2:2,8,11 The wise men from the east came to worship the child Jesus.
Matthew 8:2 Leper worshipped Him.
Matthew 9:18 Ruler.
Matthew 14:33 Those in the boat.
Matthew 15:25 Woman of Canaan with a demon-possessed daughter.
Matthew 28:9,17 The women who found the empty tomb, on their way to tell the disciples.
Luke 24:52 The disciples, at His ascension.
John 9:38 The blind man who Jesus healed.

Servant of God

Acts 3:13 Jesus is the servant of the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

Image of God

John 14:7-11 Christ is in the Father.
2 Corinthians 4:4
Colossians 1:15
Colossians 1:19; 2:9 Fullness of God dwells in Jesus.
Hebrews 1:3

Revelation, Messenger, Spokesman for God

Malachi 3:1
John 1:1,14; Revelation 19:13 Jesus being called "the Word", Greek λόγος (logos).
John 5:19-20 Jesus didn't speak on His own authority, but what the Father told Him.
John 5:43; 10:25 Came and worked in the Father's name.
John 8:29; 14:7-11 If you've seen Christ, you've seen the Father.
John 12:49 Spokesman for the Father.
Hebrews 1:1-3
Hebrews 3:1 Jesus is "our apostle"
Revelation 3:14 True witness.

Creator

Genesis 1:1
Genesis 1:3; Psalm 33:6,9 God created by speaking. John 1:1 calls Jesus "the Word".
Psalm 8:3; 19:1; 33:6,9; 102:25; 136:5-9; 146:5-6
Psalm 104
Isaiah 40:25-26,28; 42:5; 44:24; 45:12; 48:12-13; 51:13
Jeremiah 10:11-13; 27:5; 32:17; 51:19
Zechariah 12:1
Acts 7:48-50; 14:15
Romans 1:20,25
Revelation 14:7

The Father as Creator

Acts 4:27,30 The apostles in prayer to "the Lord God who created the heavens and the earth", referred to Jesus as the "holy servant" of God.
Acts 17:22-33 Paul addresses the Areopagus. In v.24 he refers to "God, who made the world and everything in it." while in v.31 he refers to God judging the world "by the Man [Jesus] whom He has ordained".
Revelation 4:11 The Lord who sits on the throne is worshipped, and declared to be the creator of all things by His will. The next chapter Revelation 5 describes the Lamb of God separately, who is also glorified as worthy to open the scroll, the redeemer, worthy of praise and honour and glory.

Jesus as Creator

John 1:3 All things were made through Him [the Word], and without Him nothing was made that was made.
1 Corinthians 8:6 ... through whom are all things...
Ephesians 3:9 ...God who created all things through Jesus Christ.
Colossians 1:16-17 By Him [the Son] all things were created in heaven and earth. All things were created through Him and for Him.
Hebrews 1:2 ...through whom [the Son] also He made the worlds.
Hebrews 1:10-12 quotes Psalm 102:25-27 "You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth..." and says it is referring to the Son.
Hebrews 2:10 For it was fitting for Him [Jesus], for whom are all things and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory,...

Sinless

Though Jesus lived as a human, He was without sin.

2 Corinthians 5:21
Hebrews 2:17-18; 4:15; 7:26-28
Hebrews 9:14 Jesus offered Himself "without spot".
1 Peter 1:19 Lamb without blemish or spot.
1 John 3:5

Firstborn From the Dead

Romans 8:29 The Son is to be firstborn among many brethren.
1 Corinthians 15:23
Colossians 1:15,18 Firstborn over all creation; firstborn from the dead.
Hebrews 1:6
Revelation 1:5

Saviour

The name Jesus means Saviour.

Matthew 1:21
Luke 2:11 For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.
John 4:42 Confession of the Samaritans.
Acts 4:10-12 No other name by which we may be saved.
Acts 5:31
Hebrews 2:10; 5:9 Captain, author of salvation.
Hebrews 9:11-28
1 John 4:14

Father Is Also Called Saviour

1 Timothy 1:1; 2:3
Titus 3:4 cf Titus 3:6 — v.4 calls God the Saviour, and v.6 calls Jesus Saviour.

The Only Way to Salvation

Isaiah 43:11
Hosea 13:4
John 3:18,36
John 6:28-29, 48-58
John 8:24 If you don't believe I am He, you will die in your sins.
John 14:6 I am the way, the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.
John 15:1-6 I am the true Vine.
Acts 4:12
1 Corinthians 3:11
1 John 5:12

Lamb of God

This relates to Jesus being Saviour, because the Lamb of God "takes away the sin of the world" (John 1:29).

Exodus 12:1-13 The Passover lamb which saved the Israelites from death. v5 says the lamb has to be "without blemish".
Isaiah 53:7 The Messiah was led as a sheep to the slaughter. In Acts 8:32-35, Philip teaches the Ethiopian eunuch that this is talking about Jesus.
John 1:29,36 John's testimony: Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world.
Hebrews 9:14 Jesus offered Himself "without spot".
1 Peter 1:19 A Lamb without blemish or spot.
Revelation 5:5-14; 7:14
Revelation 13:8 The lamb slain since the foundation of the world. Although comparing to Revelation 17:8, maybe "from the foundation of the world" is referring to the book of life, rather than the Lamb.

Christ's Shed Blood

Leviticus 17:11 It is the blood which makes atonement.
Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20; 1 Corinthians 10:16; 11:25 Passover wine symbolised the blood of the New Covenant.
John 6:53-56 Eat Jesus' flesh and drink His blood.
Romans 3:25; 5:9
Ephesians 1:7; 2:13
Colossians 1:14,20
Hebrews 9:11-28; 10:4,19,29; 12:24; 13:12 The Messiah's death was necessary, as the blood of the New Covenant, and as the means of remission of sins.
1 Peter 1:2,19
1 John 1:7; 5:6-8
Revelation 1:5; 7:14 Jesus washed us from our sins in His own blood. Washed robes and made them white.
Revelation 5:9 Jesus redeemed us to God by His blood.

Mediator Between God and Humanity

John 10:9 Christ is the door.
1 Timothy 2:3-6 ...there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus...
Hebrews 7:25 He lives to make intercession for us.
Hebrews 8:6; 9:15; 12:24 Mediator of the new & better covenant.
1 John 2:1 Advocate.

Note that the Bible nowhere says Mary is an intercessor, as the Catholic church says.

Light

Isaiah 9:2; 49:6
John 1:6-9
John 8:12

Sustenance: Bread, Vine

John 6:26-58 Christ is the bread of life.
John 15:1-5 Christ is the vine to which we must be attached.

Chief Shepherd

Psalm 23:1-4 The Lord is my Shepherd.
Hebrews 13:20 That great Shepherd of the sheep (God or Lord Jesus?).
1 Peter 5:4 Chief Shepherd.

Teacher

Matthew 23:8-10

Rock, Foundation

Genesis 49:24 God is a rock.
Exodus 17:1,6; Isaiah 48:21 Water from the struck rock.
Numbers 20:1-11 Water from the struck rock; but it should have been the rock spoken to.
Deuteronomy 32:4,15,18,30-31 God is a rock.
1 Samuel 2:2; 22:2-3,32,47; 23:3
Psalm 18:2,31,46; 19:14; 28:1; 31:2-3; 42:9; 61:2; 62:2,6-7; 71:3; 78:35; 89:26; 92:15; 94:22; 95:1; 144:1 God is our Rock.
Psalm 118:22 The stone the builders rejected, which has become the chief cornerstone. See 1 Peter 2:4-8
Isaiah 8:14 A rock of stumbling. See Romans 9:33 and 1 Peter 2:4-8
Isaiah 17:10; 26:4; 30:29; 44:8; 51:1
Isaiah 28:16 Foundation. See 1 Peter 2:4-8
Daniel 2:34-35,45 The rock that will smash the kingdoms of this world.
Habakkuk 1:12
Matthew 16:18 Jesus would build His church on a rock — himself.
Romans 9:33 quotes Isaiah 8:14; 28:16 and identifies it with Christ.
1 Corinthians 10:4 That rock [that the Israelites drank from] was Christ.
1 Peter 2:4-8 quotes Psalm 118:22; Isaiah 8:14; 28:16 and identifies it with Christ.

Redeemer

Job 19:25
Isaiah 44:6
1 Timothy 2:6 Jesus gave Himself as a ransom.
1 Peter 1:18-19 Redeemed by the Lamb without spot or blemish.
Revelation 5:9

Judge

Joel 3:12
Matthew 28:18 All authority in heaven and earth has been given to Jesus.
John 5:21-23
John 5:27 The Father has made Jesus judge because Jesus is the "son of man".
Acts 10:42
Philippians 2:9-11
Hebrews 2:17-18; 4:15

Our High Priest

Hebrews 2:17; 3:1; 4:15; 5:1-11; 7:1-28; 8:1-6; 9:11-15,23-28
He is the High Priest, Mediator of the New Covenant.

Of the Order of Melchizedek

Psalm 110:4 "You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek."
Hebrews 5:6,10-11; 7:1-28 Of the order of Melchizedek, not Aaron.
Hebrews 7:1-3 Melchizedek is King of Salem, priest of the Most High God. Without father or mother or genealogy, having no beginning or end of days. Made like the Son of God. Remains a priest continually.

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